From Botswana – 3


Photos from Botswana are at:

In the evening of 25th, the second day at Botswana, I was invited to a reception at Phakalane Golf Estate and Hotel Resort with Dr. William Saito of GRIPS and Mr. Tada of Sojitz Corporation who traveled with me, as well as Minister Kosaka of Japan Embassy in Botswana and Mr. Nakai of local NHK office.

On 26th and 27th, we had discussion sessions on science, technology and innovation policy of this nation.with the 6 ministries of Botswana government, University of Botswana, 4 national research centers  Everybody was very passionate but on the other hand, had, understandably, tendency to see things from their own points of view.  For instance, university was obviously focused on the importance of research asking for more government funding, but was not too prepared to answer questions such as what kind of jobs are available to students after graduation.  I do understand well, though, of faculty’s concern.
Interestingly enough, after having a joint meeting with 3 ministries due to their (and our) limited time, they said that they learned much from this style, ie, cross pollination, a critical issue for innovation or out-of-box thinking.  Looks like this kind of joint meetings are rare here, too..  I felt that government officials are alike anywhere.

On 26th, we went to'Mokolodi Nature Reserve' nearby using spare time in the afternoon.  Seeing beautiful wild life is a pleasure ? always gives us some moving experience.  However, this place is not a full open nature reserve.  So we cannot complain if the views are not as impressive as Masai Mara of Kenya or Serengeti of Tanzania.  I look forward to coming back with enough free time to visit real nature in this beautiful country, like Okavango Delta, Kalahari Desert, Zanbezi River, variety and richness of wild life such as lions and elephants ? they are the treasures of Botswana.

In the afternoon of 27th, we went to Lobatse (I found Western Union (Ref.1) here, too) to visit JOGMEC  (Japanese websites are in many cases not visitor friendly.  I wonder why, and wish to see more improvements). They are helping in searching natural resource using satellite and met Director Suzuki and Mr. Numata – I respect their hard work.  This day, we traveled more than 200 kilometers by car the route along the great ‘Mokolodi Nature Reserve’.

Anywhere I went, a hot and heated discussion took place which was well worth the time.  There are lots of issues and challenges ? from bilateral ones between Botswana and Japan to those that must be considered in larger frameworks. How can we cooperate and collaborate? This is the question.

From Botswana – 2: Domestic and International Money Transfer, Mobile, and Western Union


Photos from Botswana are at;

Botswana is a very big country, covering 581730 square kilometers of land approximately equivalent to France.  So far, I learned that in Botswana mobile phones are used widely, official language is English, compulsory education is widely spread and most children go to school until 10th grade (equivalent to high school 1st grade in Japan).  Tuitions are free with government support.  Such policy for education indicates without doubt, this country has a great potential.  Such characteristics are the strength of this nation.

On February 19th, I posted a column on ‘Western Union’ pointing out how terribly closed Japan’s policies are.

I received several comments and feedbacks from frequent visitors of my blog site.  With the visionary leadership of Vodafone, a cross-border Mobile Money Transfer (MMT) service between the UK and Kenya will be piloted.

In Kenya, ‘Safaricom’, a leading mobile network operator, is offering a service of transferring small amount of money via mobile phone.  This is apparently quite useful in many countries in Africa, where social infrastructures such as transportation and communication are still developing.  Even ‘Western Union’ cannot be of much use if the areas do not have Western Union offices to remit money.  So this kind of money transfer service is an example of a new ‘Demand-driven innovation’.

Sending money via mobile domestically seemed to be quite simple in Botswana.  I saw immediately one Western Union office in town.

In countries that rely on foreign work force such as the United Arab Emirates, sending money to family at home can be an important business.  Remittance to abroad from UAE is estimated to amount up to one trillion yen (10 billion dollars), and it seems that more transparent service of remitting money via mobile phone is going to be available soon.

Are Japanese banks against offering services of sending small money easily via mobile phone or other devices?  If so, then why?  Could it be because they raise a good profit by charging a very high handling fee?  In this ‘Flattening World’ where big paradigm shifts are taking place, institution and corprate that try to fight against the trend of this majot CHANGE will certainly and inevitably decline and a sure loser.  Wake up and get on to the world!

From Botswana


Photos from Botswana are at;

Here I am in Botswana at last. 

I arrived at Gabarone, the capital of Botswana, precisely after 24 hours' flight from Narita via Hong Kong and Johannesburg.  The weather is beautiful.  Hot but dry.  I directly checked in to Walmont.

In the afternoon, I visited people from BEDIA and Botswana Innovation Hub to discuss and exchange views on Botswana’s Science, Technology and Innovation policy.  Our discussion turned out to be very heated and enthusiastic.

The challenge is how to draft mid to long term strategic policies for the nation’s growth with recognition of strength, advantages, and weaknesses of Botswana taking into account today’s trend of shifting to a flattening and interconnected world.  What are the major strength and advantage of Botswana?  And what are its weak points?

On the other hand, hearings of Toyota are in progress at U.S. Congress today and on television broadcastings.  It is reported as a very big news in US and elsewhere.  I suppose it is so in Japan, too.

‘North Korea, Iran, Myanmar, Somalia, and Japan’; What Do They Have in Common? Is Japan a Closed Country After All?


Have you heard of Western Union?  It is a financial services and communications company of the United States.  This company was founded in the 19th century.  Mr. Cornell, one of its founders, is probably more familiar to many people through Cornell University, a prestigious university which was named after him.

Western Union started primarily as a telegraph and communication service company but with the rapid progress of IT technologies has spread its area to online money transfer services etc.  Now, it has a global network which is so handy for sending money.  Anywhere in the world, your credit cared is accepted, you can send checks, so you will hardly feel need for sending cash.  You are able to send money to your family abroad or send money to your family or friends from overseas by using a big bank.  Payment via internet is also possible, particularly in developed countries, but I feel there are some limitations to it when it comes to a personal level. 

Many foreigners come to Japan to work.  Many of them are from poorer countries, i.e. ‘migrant workers’.  How they send money to their families, I wonder.  Can these people open an account at Japanese Banks without any difficulties?  What local banks offer services to them?  Are these local banks willing or capable to send money to overseas for these workers?

Quite a number of foreigners work in Japan.  Of course, people from high society or people working for big companies may not have such problems. Nurses from Indonesia or Philippines are allowed to work in Japan these days in the field of elderly care or nursing is permitted for up to 3 years. However, if they wish to stay longer, they are required to pass the national qualification exam IN JAPANESE during that initial 3 years.  I must say that this hurdle is very high ? more of a kind of harassment, ‘a sign of closed country’.  Who is opposing to accept these people?  Please think hard.

By the way, do you know how these people are sending money to their family at home?  I imagine that many think of Western Union and many others wish they could.  All you have to do is go to a counter of Western Union, hand them cash (and a processing fee ? about 10% or so), designate the recipient, and receive a Money Transfer Control Number (MTCN).  Then, you tell the intended recipient, using telephone or any other means this number and the amount you have sent to the recipient. That person will in return go to their local Western Union counter, show their ID and tell the number you gave him/her in order to receive the money.  This is truly convenient, especially for the people in developed countries.

So, how broad is the area covered by Western Union?  You will be surprised to know that its service is available almost every countries of the world.  Today, the nations not covered by Western Union are ‘Iran, North Korea, Somalia, and Myanmar’; probably because these countries do not have diplomatic relations with US.  And another country is ‘Japan’.  Yes, there are its branches in the US military bases in Japan but the service is not available to Japanese.  I suspect that the Japanese authorities are holding back permission to do business by crafting various reasons or logics, but I seriously question their attitudes.  Oh, give me a break!

How are those foreign workers in Japan sending money to their family back at home?  I hear that various underground money transactions are going on ? most likely with illegally higher rebates; sadly  Japan is and want to remain really special?

Toyota Problems; Are They Unique to Toyota?


Recalls of Toyota cars spread and accelerated its speed in late January.  This is such a regretfully serious problem not only for Toyota but Japan as a nation because the corporate ‘Toyota’  is an iconic company which represents Japanese technology and quality of manufacturing, a company which represents Japan to the world and is deeply trusted by the world.

To be frank with you, I would rather refrain from commenting further on the Toyota problems since I have brought them up in my web-site twice already (Ref.1).  I think the problem is deeply rooted and can be identified in any Japanese mega corporate; and in their background you will find characteristics such as ‘Tate Shakai (Hierarchical Society)’, ‘Male chauvinistic society’, ‘Seniority-based promotions’, ‘Difficulty in sliding sideways (difficulty in changing job)’, ‘Permanent employment and big severance package’, or ‘Monozukuri shinko (Faith in manufacturing)’ ? elements which reflect traditional Japanese ‘Common Sense’.

The Economist magazine points this out in its most recent issue Ref.1) .  It is the same as what I repeatedly point out ? the wrong responses of Japan (which are commonly seen in many cases) to this flattening global society.

Not only Toyota but many other big companies embrace the same problems which you see as illustrated in this Economist article.

I urge people in business sector to buckle up, too.  Political leadership faces big issues, but business sector clearly needs a drastic reform as well.  It might be a beginning of 'The Third Lost Decade', I fear.  I don’t think we have much time left for CHANGE.

Toyota’s Problems and Sufferings: Eyes to See From Outside, Hearts to Sense Outside


Although Toyota announced the recall of a huge number of its cars, problems are still likely to continue for a while.  The news coverage has been pretty in U.S. including the news of President Toyoda’s possible visit to the U.S. very soon.  Toyota hearings expected at the U.S. Congress, responses of the US legislators, reports and articles,…… there are plenty of overseas media coverage open to public in this internet age ? news coverage in Japan are not the only source of information to us.  All you have to do is just ‘Google’ Toyota.  It is important to follow news from various aspects.  Especially, in this case, it is about the leading company of Japan and the problems were identified mainly at overseas, mainly US, the largest market of Toyota.  Relying only on Japanese media will be misleading.  Quite many good source of information is available via internet, the media of web age, including internet newspapers and magazines.

I would say that the newspaper most read by business persons of the world is Financial Times  (circulation of 420 thousands is pretty modest compared to that of major Japanese newspapers, but its impact to the world is incomparably huge compared to Japanese newspapers), and a weekly magazine most read by business persons of the world is The Economist. What do you think?  Articles in Financial Times and The Economist report news of the wide world, they do not particularly take U.S. side, is often critical to U.K, too, the reports they write are high quality, and their views are well balanced as well as objective.  These characters are what you might call ‘the British style’, but I feel that many articles are indeed the ‘works of professionals’, i.e. they grasp good timing, and has very good focus.  Personally I am a fan of these two and have them in my ‘Kindle’.

For Japanese readers who do not read much English, I recommend ‘JBPress’ , an On-line Press.  I read ‘Toyota Slips Up’ and ‘Toyota Losing Its Shine’  in The Economist 2009 December 10 issue and was a bit concerned when I found President Akio Toyoda’s comment saying that he thought ‘Toyota is already at a dangerous point’ after he read ‘How the Mighty Falls’ by Jim Collins.  A large part of these articles in The Economist is available in Japanese at JBPress.

The Financial Times also has some coverage on Toyota issue recently, and some of them are translated into Japanese, again at JBPress.  (These articles include ‘Toyota By Itself Invited The Fall Of Its Reputation’ , ‘Staggering Sons Of Toyota’, ‘Toyota Messes Up With Customer Service, Its Damage Control Is Not Working’, ‘Safety Crises Threatens Toyota; The Price It Has To Pay For Going Too Far in Spreading Its Market Share’ )  I feel that these two newspaper and magazine are musts for business persons.

What happened to Toyota ? a company known for its technological excellence?  Mr. Reizen who is sending out messages from U.S. gives us good insights into the brake and accelerator of electric car.  (this web-site is run by Mr. Ryu Murakami).  His information made several things clear to me.  In this new system of electric control, the mechanism of brakes and accelerators are very different from traditional ones.  However, this is no excuse to end users, i.e. the drivers.  Brakes and accelerators are particularly important components for drivers, and if anything goes wrong with them, it may directly cause accidents which will risk the lives of drivers or other persons in the car, or people involved in the accident. Automobile makers are responsible for being strategically prepared to provide cutting edge technologies, create market value of their products, and build good customer satisfaction/social relations.

In other words, the point is whether you are capable of telling customer-oriented ‘stories’ of cars, of driving.  It’s not just about developing great technologies.  Securing good control of parts that directly connect to safety of human life must be a top priority.

The press meeting of Toyota was, as I have written in my previous column, a big problem.  What kind of attitude/meeting is good to the eyes of the public?  To answer this question, a team of professionals is critically needed.  All Toyota members, I expect a lot from you.  Please keep on working hard.

‘Getting Health Reform Right; A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity’: A monumental work.


Health Reform is without doubt a great issue in any nation of the world.  In Japan and the United States, too, it is counted as one of the most pressing challenges in national political agendas.

In each country, there exist complicated elements ? social, political, economical, cultural ? unique  to each society and country, but on the other hand, medicine and health care technologies are developing faster in speed.  There is no such health system which fits to every society and country.  Developed nations are struggling on how to reform existing system, which is one of the greatest challenges for policy makers of today.   In the world where information spread with no time, the gap between expectation and perception of the society and actual reality of the health care as they see receive continues to widen.

Large numbers of books on health care system are available including those which illustrate the reform carried out in many countries.  Any universal model does not exist, so each ‘leaders/experts’ must learn as much as possible and speak from better perspective, not only from the value of one’s position.  As I often point out in this web-site and elsewhere (Ref.1, 2), it seems that too many leaders/experts in Japan speak only from their limited personal experiences or positions, thus tend to be less objective and not much perspectives, visions for a bigger picture or longer time frame.

This is one of weak points of ‘Tate shakai (Hierarchical society)’ of Japan where the great majority of people pursue their careers in a linear style (i.e. within the same organization and often seniority-based) within Japan.

Several days ago, ‘How to Realize Health Care Reform’was published from Nihon Keizai Shinbun sha.  This is the translation of ‘Getting Health Reform Right; A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity‘(2nd edition, 2008) by Professors of Harvard School of Public Health, Drs Marc Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael Reich.  Japanese students who were taught by the authors translated it.  Please search for this book at Amazon.

What makes this book unique from other books of the same theme is that the authors have rich experiences in many countries, understand the difference of social backgrounds of each country; they write not only about policies but also analyses of five ‘Controllers’, i.e. ‘Finance, Expense, Organization, Rules, Actions’, and discuss ethical, political aspects (of the policy) as well as the processes that explain how reform is possible.  The content is very rich and outstanding

The book also provides the analysis of issues and situations pertinent to Japan, how to make reform possible, how policies being developed and advanced on what basis…   Everything is so well thought-out; they encourage us to see the health policy from overall perspectives, stimulate our practical thinking.

I would sincerely like to express my deep appreciation and respect to the four Professors of Harvard University who had written such a wonderful book as well as those who planned and carried out the publication of its Japanese translation.  It was my pleasure and honor to be asked to write a ‘recommendation’in Japanese ) in this book.

This is a book that I recommend strongly to anyone who cares about health policy.  The price seems a bit high (4,500 yen), but is well worth it.

Activities of Health Policy Institute and its ‘Surprising’ Evaluation


Several years ago, I founded with a few friends a think-tank ‘Health Policy Institute, Japan (HPIJ)’ and have since been working with my colleagues who share the same vision.

As you may see in our web site, the Institute, as an independent, non-profit, non-partisan private think-tank, we have focused on three areas;  to provide platforms, basic data, and issues for policy discussion, to facilitate the participation of civil society groups and patients in the policy making process, to nurture leadership of the civil society, and Global Health.  I am happy to say that people with talents and commitments on our common goals have joined and are working with us, including young people who work with us as part of their career.  In short, our activities could be described as an effort to encourage Japan’s shift to civil society hence promoting the change of Japan of global world to a responsible civil nation.

We gather at a breakfast meeting once in every two months that function as an opportunity for communication with the members and supporters of our Institute.  It has become a custom for me to greet and speak to the participants at this meeting every January.  Each and every one of the members are committed to improve health care system in their own way.  So, this time, for a change, I suggested my session be primarily ‘Q&A’, but asked the audience to raise questions based not on their jobs and positions but from objective critical observation of their positions.  It might have been a bit difficult for them because this suggestion came up without prior notice.  However, I would like to stress the importance of making it a habit of seeing things objectively and from higher/broader perspective, outside from your background, expertise and position ? especially in policy making.  I recommend that you always try to see objectively as much as possible as I stated in ‘Japan as seen from outside’ and elsewhere, and to think and comment on ‘A part of a big picture’.  I have written on this in a book review also. (3rd paragraph, in Japanese)

HPIJ just organized our annual ‘Health Policy Summit 2010’, a two days’ conference on February 10 and 11.  I will report about this in detail soon, but it was a very lively conference with presence of cabinet members of DPJ (Democratic Party of Japan; the administration party);  AKIRA NAGATSUMA, Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare, YUKIO EDANO, Minister of State for Government Reform (was appointed just February 10th), MOTOHISA FURUKAWA, Senior Vice Minister for Economic and Fiscal Policy, Science and Technology Policy, and Government Reform, and Parliamentary Secretaries including KEISUKE TSUMURA, in charge of Science and Technology Policy.  Representatives from DPJ legislators Ms YOKO KOMIYAMA, Dr MITSURU SAKURAI, and Dr SATOSHI UMEMURA.  Representatives from LDP (Liberal Democratic Party) legislators were Mr JIRO KAWASAKI (former Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare) and Mr HIROSHIGE SEKO.  From New Komeito, another polictal party, include former Vice Minister FUKUSHIMA of Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare.  Large number of people from health care sector, patient organizations, academia, business sector, mass media participated to join in vibrant discussions.

By the way, I would like to report to you a very good news, which came in such a no-better timing of our annual conference.  The University of Pennsylvania publish its annual report on the ‘Think Tanks’ of the world.   Evaluation of Universities is talked about in many occasions in recent years, but this is ranking of ‘Think Tanks’.  For 2009, the top think tank in the world was ‘Brookings Institution’, but in the category of ‘Health Policy’, 1. Harvard University School of Public Health; 2. Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University… the list went on as expected…but in the 10th place our ‘Health Policy Institute of Japan’ ranked-in!  I was so surprised to see this, but at the same time thought that this was the result of everybody’s hard work.  Also the high valuation reflects our daily effort of making our activities visible to broader audience of Japan and the world involving various global partners through our website and other means.  ‘Think Tanks’ of governments may outnumber non-governmental ones in many countries including Japan, so ours was a great result.  For this yet young and small ‘Think Tank’, completely independent from the government, to receive such a high evaluation was certainly a great encouragement to us all.

What’s Going on in Toyota? Something is Terribly Wrong


Toyota is without doubt Japan’s top enterprise known throughout the world for the high quality of its products and the size of its market capture.  The company earned high reputation for its quality cars and more recently for the development of hybrid engine technologies.  However, recent conducts of Toyota appear to be somewhat strange to me.

First, problems in accelerator pedals were reported of Toyota cars in the United States, then followed problems in the brakes of Prius that triggered accidents repeatedly which eventually led to the recall of the huge number of Toyota cars.  I understand that some technical problems were the cause of these events and I say this is a great problem since Toyota is known as the leading company of Japan ? a nation characterized by its technology and high quality of products.  The company even received some tough words from the U.S. government.  This already is a great problem by itself, but what worries me (and I think you will agree) is the response of Toyota.

This issue is reported as big news by overseas media, but I feel that the news coverage has been smaller, in fact too small, in Japan.  Can it be that Japanese newspapers have difficulty in handling this news coverage because it might threaten the basic credibility of Japanese industries?  I think Japanese people should investigate this issue more closely and think more seriously.

I hear that this problem was being reported in the United States since 2007 and Europe was aware of this problem for more than 2 years or so.

Recently the executive in charge of the matter appeared in press interview in Japan.  Since the interview was on TV what he said before or after is unknown, but when he said ‘The customer’s senses on brake….’ I thought ‘What a response, this is a big problem’. It looked like nothing but an interview for ‘making excuses’.  Toyota totally missed the point in question.  Later on February 5th, President Akio Toyoda talked to the press (Although his English was acceptable I think he needed to have ‘the professional’ – I don’t think they have any in the company ? prepare draft and coach him).  Everything he said was a late response, not to mention of his comments which were all ‘defensive, excuses, putting the blame on customer’s senses’ etc., etc.  I must say this was a worst example of risk management.

I doubt that some kind of atmosphere which made people refrain from expressing open opinions have been developed over years in the company and the factories..  Toyota’s slogan used to be ‘kaizen’, ‘from bottom-up’, and ‘expect every employee to identify problems and come up with solutions’ – this was their claimed culture.

Particularly when faced with ‘accidents’ or ‘events’, the damage caused tends to grow bigger and bigger along with the passage of time.  ‘Transparency, objectivity, speed, customer (victim) first attitude’ is the basics of risk management.  I wonder what is going on in Toyota…

I am very, very concerned.

From Davos – 3


On 29th, the 3rd day at Davos, I spent the morning in private meeting with a few VIPs. In the afternoon, I participated as a ‘Discussion Leaders’  in ‘Prepared for a Pandemic?’- a full two hour session with specialists on pandemics, academics, business enterprises, and insurance companies.  It was a highly informative session with discussions covering wide range; lessons from H1V1 since last spring, role of government, arrangements/preparedness of the companies, risks to be considered, insurance, financial loss, employees and their family, impacts on economy etc., etc.  I was impressed to know that the width of some business leaders thinking and also making effort to prepare themselves to the expected risks.  It is such learning and knowledge sharings that makes this sort of discussions with the leaders of diverse sectors enjoyable and meaningful.

I came across Mr. Bill Gates and had an opportunity to talk with him for a minute on several things such as our encounter in Jakarta in 2008.  In the evening at the main hall, I went to watch ‘Business Leadership’, ans‘The US Economic Outlook’ hosted by Charlie Rose, with Lawrence Summers, Director of the White House’s National Economic Council for President Obama.  Charlie Rose, was wonderful in his soft ways of raising good focused questions in a very good timing and Summers’ response was also very persuasive and powerful. Please see them for yourself on the web.

In the evening, I stopped by at the reception of Harvard University and exchanged a few words with President Drew Gilpin Faust (President Faust is female – I suppose you know? ) I understand that she will be visiting Japan this March.  Since Minister Sengoku and three other Ministers were scheduled to arrive after midnight, Dr. Heizo Takenaka, Mr. Yoichi Funabashi of Asahi Newspaper, myself, with several others, had an opportunity to get together at a Chinese restaurant and talk about the new Administration, an opportunity we haven’t have had among ourselves for some time.  When I returned to the hotel, I came across Dr. Yunus of Grameen Bank at the lobby –just like we did last year.  I talked about the group of Japanese students who went to Bangladesh (Ref.1, 2, 3) (Ref.2 and 3 are in Japanese) this January and last year. They also had an opportunity to see Dr. Yunus several times at Bangladesh.  This year, Professor Seichiro Yonekura (Ref.1 in Japanese) of Hitotsubashi University, a leading expert on innovation, accompanied them to Bangladesh.  Dr. Yonekura is a wonderful role model as mentor/teacher and I admire his activities as Innovator (=Entrepreneur, Change Agent or ‘a nail that sticks out’) ; the way he supports young people, and make things happen.

1 IMG_2129 IMG_2128 3 IMG_2131

Photo 1-3: ‘Toward an East Asia Community?’ Panel.

Next morning on the 30th, I checked out from the hotel to be at ‘Toward an East Asia Community?’  where Minister of Trade, Economy and Industry (METI), Mr. Naoshima were among the panelists.  The panel was moderated by Dr. Kishore Mahbubani (Ref.1), Dean of Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Singapore.  I was seated at the front raw with my friends, Hiroshi Tasaka-san and President Ninami-san of Lawson (Photo).

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Photo 4: From left, Mr. Ninami, Dr. Tasaka, and myself

Then, after listening to the former half of ‘Global Economic Outlook’ in which Minister Sengoku participated as a panelist, I left the venue and headed to Zurich airport to catch my return flight.  Please see this session on the web.  A well known columnist of Financial Times, Mr. Martin Wolf moderated the panel in his keen and insightful style.  In the afternoon, NHK hosted ‘The Great Shift East in the Global Agenda’ moderated by Ms. Aiko Doden, with Vice Minister Furukawa as a panelist.  Report on web  is available, and also TV broadcasts are scheduled on February 6 (Sat), and 13 (Sat) in Tokyo and elsewhere in Japan.

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Photo 5: With Dr. Takenaka

From Zurich, I returned to Narita via Paris.  I was able to sleep only a bit during the flight, thus  a bit tired.  Somehow a feeling of concern about the future of Japan made me awake.  This theme appears repeatedly in my web-site, and I hear that‘Japan in Transition’ in the afternoon of 30th wrapped up the session in a comment like my view.

The web-site of Davos meeting is apparently quite packed with good information.  Please enjoy according to your interest.  Tons of information, backgrounds, interpretations, and thoughts are introduced and I am sure that they will open up your minds to the world.